Titanic Mystery / How Did the World's Largest Ship Disappear?



The RMS Titanic, the largest and most opulent Ship, in the world at the time, was involved in this Catastrophe on April 10, 1912. It set out on its first voyage traveling from Southampton, England to New York. People from all walks of life were on board-famous industrialists, actors, and immigrants seeking a better life in the United States.

Captain Edward John Smith:


Titanic Captain Edward John Smith
Captain Edward John Smith

It was being commanded by the 62-year old Senior Captain Edward John Smith. There was a lot of excitement regarding this ship in the passengers, public and the media. It was not only the world's largest ship- around 269 meters in length and more than 53 meters high- but the luxury on this ship was awe-inspiring.



Design Feature



882ft 9in (269.06 m)


92ft 6in (28.19 m)


104 feet (32 m)

Gross tonnage

46,328 tons

Number of decks


Number of lifeboats


Number of passengers


Number of crew members


First-class features

Immense dining saloon, four elevators, swimming pool

Second-class features

Comparable to first-class features on other ships

Third-class features

Modest, but still noted for their relative comfort

Titanic Designed:


Titanic Construction & Design
Titanic Construction & Design

At the time, the cost of building the ship was $7.5 million, which, when adjusted for inflation, is equivalent to $400 million today. The amenities and decor inside the ship could easily be mistaken for a five-star hotel, with stained glass mirrors, elaborate wood paneling, two-story, heated swimming pool, Turkish There is a spa, a gymnasium, a squash court, 4 restaurants, 2 barber shops and a library. In addition, the type of safety features used to build this ship were considered "unsinkable," meaning it could never sink, it was so safe.

White Star Line Company:


White Star Line Company
White Star Line Company

White Star Line was the name of the company that built this ship. The Vice President of this company was so confident regarding that, he had come out in front of the public and said that this ship was unsinkable.


Icebergs Warning Alert:


But two days later after setting out on its first voyage, on 12th April 1912, the Titanic began to get its first ice warnings. The Atlantic Ocean, which the Titanic crossed to reach the Americas, was full of icebergs. There were mountains of icebergs, that posed a threat to this Ship. These alerts are not uncommon. Ships that navigate the oceans often use radio to alert nearby ships that there is ice in their area and they should exercise caution in their approach after receiving these alerts.


The Titanic swerved twice to avoid a collision but did not slow down. It continued its journey towards its destination at a speed of 21.5 knots, which is equal to 40 km/hr, Two days later, on 14 April 1912, there were there were another 7 ice warnings, but Captain Smith and his team ignored them. They didn’t slow the Titanic’s speed. When the day is over, the sun goes down and the temperature goes down. The notable thing about the night of 14th April was that the moon was not visible without the moon, there was no moonlight and the visibility was low on this night.

 What is a crow’s nest in the ship?

There was a crow's nest on the ship- a small platform at a height that could be called a lookout point. Someone is designed to sit on top of it in order to keep an eye on the ship's track to detect any traffic or obstructions. The person sitting here had to face very low temperatures, the cold winds were blowing at a very fast pace Moreover, it was nighttime. 

crow’s nest in Titanic
Crow’s nest in Titanic

The cold wind causes tears in the eyes, making it hard to see. At 11:39 P.M., Fredrick Fleet was sitting on top of the crow’s nest when he suddenly saw a large iceberg in front of him. He rang the bell three times to alert the people below, then picked up the telephone and called the bridge officers. He screamed that there was an iceberg in front of them and that the ship should be steered.

Titanic crashed with Iceberg:


Titanic crashed with Iceberg
Titanic crashed with Iceberg

Immediately First Officer, William heard this message and signaled the engine room that the ship should be steered in the left direction But unfortunately, it was too late Just one minute later, at 11:4The 0 PM, the ship crashed into the iceberg.  This iceberg was not a small one- It was 200x400 feet in length- as big as a football field and was so high that it matched the crow's nest in height. Scientists estimate that the iceberg weighed as much as 1.5 million tons. Titanic’s front right side collided directly with the iceberg, which is located at the bow of the ship.

What is the bow?


Titanic bow
Titanic bow

The section at the front of the ship is called the bow. The section above the bow is known as the stern. The protruded section below the stern is known as the keel. The ship scraped against the iceberg for about 10 seconds. A large dent was made. Small holes were made in the main body.

How that is possible? How does a chunk of ice cut through a piece of metal?

If you use the ice in your fridge, then yes, it won't cut through metal But the weight of a mountain of ice is so high. It’s true that wood can’t cut through metal, but that doesn’t mean that metal can’t be damaged. Your metal car might smash into a tree, but it won’t be completely disfigured.

The Titanic was damaged because of the iceberg’s size and weight. Just seconds after the crash, Captain Smith and the ship’s architect, Thomas Andrews, arrived at the scene to assess the damage. As soon as they saw what had happened, they knew that the ship, was going to sink.

They were so shocked, that they thought this ship. It was “unsinkable” due to its impressive safety features.

Double-bottomed Hull

This belief was based on two main safety features. The first was the double-bottom hull. A hull is the main body of a Ship. A double-bottom hull would have two layers. If the layer below were to be damaged, it would be the second layer that would save the ship. Secondly, the ship’s hull was divided into sixteen watertight compartments (16 compartments in total). 

Double-bottomed Hull

If four out of sixteen compartments were to fill with water, it wouldn’t affect the ship. But the impact created by the iceberg was on the side of the ship The double bottom hull proved to be of no use The sides only had one single layer Second- the impact was so large that 6 out of 16 watertight compartments were breached Water was filling in all of them. The limit was 4, and the inundation of 6 compartments meant that the ship couldn't be saved from sinking.

 A distress call over the radio:

20 minutes after the collision, at 12:00 AM, Captain Smith ordered his crew to send a distress call over the radio. The nearby ships would maybe detect it and come to save them Senior radio Jack Phillips turns out to be the hero of our story One after another, he began sending distress signals- there was no response. He sent another and another. There has to be a vessel somewhere that would respond to their distress call. 

RMS Carpathia
 RMS Carpathia
20 minutes later, at 12:20 AM, there was a ship called RMS Carpathia that was present near the Titanic It detected the signal. He communicated with the ship's operator via radio and instructed his vessel to approach the Titanic and rescue the passengers. The problem was that despite its closeness, this ship was 107 km away Even if it moved towards the Titanic at its top speed, it would take 3.5 hours to reach the Titanic. The rest of the crew members lit up flares and rockets in the sky in the hope that a ship nearby would notice them. Unfortunately, apart from the ship Carpathia, there was no response from any other ship.

Passengers used Lifeboats:

Passengers used Lifeboats
Passengers used Lifeboats

In the meantime, Captain Smith told the people on board to get off the boat and into the lifeboats. As per protocol, women and children would be given preference to board the lifeboats, for the passengers on the ship, were not that scared.Most of the passengers believed that Titanic was an unsinkable ship, so there is no need to worry After all, the company that put out ads, claimed this again and again. So yes, they did crash into a glacier, but the boat didn’t sink. That’s why the first life boat went down with 65 people on board. Only 28 people went into the lifeboat. Half of the lifeboat was empty when it went down.

 Compartments full of water:

Compartments full of water

As time went on, the rooms started to fill up with water one by one. The ship began to tilt Gradually, the passengers realized that the ship could indeed sink When this realization dawned, there was chaos and people began to run around in panic By 1 in the night, so much water had filled the compartments in the front that the bow of the ship had gone underwater Due to this, the rear part of Titanic surfaced out of the water. The propellers at the back surfaced out of the water when the ship tilted to this degree, pandemonium reigned People began to fight with one another for a seat in the lifeboat.

 Lifeboats Shortage:

The problem was there was a scarcity of lifeboats on the ship there were only 20 lifeboats that could accommodate. There were only about 1,200 people on board but there were about 2,200 people onboard at 2:05 AM. The last lifeboat was released from the Titanic but there were still 1,500 people on board. In this chaos, some people tried snatching their place in the lifeboats But some people had accepted their fate and stayed back in the ship 9:47.

 People died due to hypothermia:

Witnesses say the boat split in half at 2:20 a.m. and then started to sink. It took less than three hours for the inflatable boat to sink at 1:00 a.m. The people on board either drowned or perished from hypothermia. The temperature of the water was -2 degrees Celsius If you fall into the water at this temperature, you'd die within minutes due to hypothermia.

Titanic’s captain, Edward Smith, is said to have remained at the helm until the very end, when he drowned with his ship. Some people even believe he committed suicide. The ship that was supposed to rescue the Titanic, the HMS Carpathia arrived at this location between 3:30 and 4:00 AM, to rescue the passengers on board, but it arrived an hour later.

S S Californian Ship near to the Titanic:

After the disaster of the Titanic, questions were raised, many controversies took birth investigations were conducted and some unknown facts surfaced that shocked. Everyone, how would it feel if I said that there was another ship 37 km away from Titanic that night, which could make it in time to save the passengers of the Titanic S S Californian was the ship that issued the final iceberg warning an hour before Titanic crashed into the iceberg. They had warned- Watch out. There are a lot of icebergs in the ocean here after that at 11:15, the radio operator on the Californian ship switched off the radio. The California ship had stopped overnight and was not moving forward with the danger in mind. Since the boat had stopped overnight and the radio had been switched off, it had not received the distress call. The ship was so close to the Titanic that the passengers on the deck of the Titanic could see the ship on the horizon.

S S Californian Ship near to the Titanic
S S Californian
As the officers were escorting the passengers aboard the Titanic, an officer observed, that he had seen a ship off in the distance, and that the ship would arrive shortly to rescue them, Thus there was no cause for alarm. However, the Californian vessel did not appear despite the lighting of rockets and flares. It is alleged that, after midnight, the crew of the Californian vessel had actually observed the rockets being fired from Titanic. They had even informed their captain Stanley Lord but the captain insisted that it was no distress signal. It would have saved so many people on board the Titanic if Captain Lord of the California ship had taken those rockets and flares seriously instead of the wealthy men on board who were drinking and dancing that night.

The next morning when they switched their radio on, they received the SOS calls from Titanic They reached the site but it was too late by then, they only saw dead bodies floating in the water.  

The Main causes of the Titanic’s Collapse:

In both of the investigations that were done into this, Captain Lord was found guilty of the crime.

But one single man cannot be blamed for such a huge disaster Other people were responsible as well Like the lifeboat example, there were not a sufficient number of lifeboats. The cause for this was due to the fact that the ship was deemed unsinkable by the manufacturer and lifeboats were not necessary. Apart from that, the captain of Titanic had not even conducted safety drills. We had a safety drill scheduled for that day. Titanic collided with the iceberg but the captain canceled that because he thought they were unnecessary since the ship was unsinkable.

The next mistake was that of steersman Robert Hichens, who was at the steering wheel that night when an iceberg alarm was sounded, The officer on the deck instructed that The ship should have veered to the left, but in a state of panic, Hichens misinterpreted the instructions and turned the boat to the right. This was the opposite direction- towards the iceberg by the time he realized his mistake, it was too late.

According to the British inquiry, the Titanic was warned so many times to stay away from icebergs and to "be careful" but still went full speed ahead.

Why was that? Why did the captain not slow down?

One of the most popular is that Captain Smith was influenced by Joseph Bruce, the Chairman and Managing Director of White Star Line, the company that produced the Titanic. White Star Line was pushing Captain Smith to maintain the ship's speed. They were pushing him to complete the ship's first voyage within 6 days in order to break a record so that they could demonstrate that the ship was not only the largest, most expensive, but also the fastest.

On April 14th, 1899, Captain Smith saw an ice warning at 2 PM. He was told to reduce the speed as there was an ice warning, but Joseph stuffed the paper into his pocket so that people and crew members would not know. He did not want the ship's speed to slow down.

 This one disaster changed the industry forever. New regulations and standards were created to prevent it from happening again, such disasters in the future.

The International Ice Patrol (IICP) was established in 1914 so that ships could be warned about icebergs on their way.

The SOLAS treaty was signed in 1914 and set new standards for ships. For instance, a regulation on lifeboats was introduced which required ships to have at least one lifeboat for every passenger.

When the Titanic went down, it took over 70 years to locate the ship’s wreckage.

Robert Ballad found the Titanic under the sea:

In September 1985, a French oceanographer and an American ocean explorer named Robert Ballad were able to locate the Titanic’s wreckage. The ship wreckage was located, at an underwater depth of 3,800 meters or 3.8 kilometers.

Robert Ballad
Robert Ballad
Two separate pieces of the ship were found- 600 meters apart Today, so many years later after the ship sank, the environment has started to erode the ship lying underwater. The actual ship looked like this and today, this is all that's left of it It has been reported that bacteria and other organisms are eating away its metal framework.

It is expected that by 2030, this ship will completely disintegrate underwater Today, even after 110 years, the fascination regarding Titanic still remains in the minds of people.

Clive Palmer makes Titanic 2:

In 2012, Australian billionaire Clive Palmer planned to he would make Titanic 2 The project was initially, scheduled to be finished in 2016, however, due to delays, it has not yet been completed in 2022. It has been suggested that people are not interested, in this project due to the fact that if a, replica of the original Titanic were to be constructed, it would likely not have either a television or Wi-Fi, and no one would want to take a ride on it. It is possible that the Titanic 2 may have already sunk prior to its departure.



1.    We all know what happened, when the Titanic sank into the Atlantic Ocean one hundred years ago. However, it's not as easy as we might imagine.

2.    People made blunders, there were limitations in technology, and the ship was doomed before it even departed Southampton due to greed, corruption, and evil intentions. People deserve better, and since the future is uncertain, we must learn from our past transgressions in order to avoid, repeating them going forward. Future decisions, will be influenced by the decisions.

3.    We make today, so let's make intelligent, and modest decisions to avoid a repeat of the past.

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